Consanguinity is the state of being related to someone by descent from a common ancestor. It is often used to refer to the genetic or biological relationship between kin.
Consanguinity is important because it helps define who is considered to be part of a person’s family. It can be used to determine who is eligible to inherit property or be named as a guardian in the event of someone’s death. In some cultures, consanguinity is also used as a way of defining social obligations and responsibilities.
People are generally considered to be related to one another if they share a common ancestor. However, there are different ways of measuring consanguinity. One common way is to use the ‘degree of kinship’, which is measured in terms of how many generations separate two people from their common ancestor.
Another way of measuring consanguinity is to use the ‘coefficient of relationship’, which takes into account the amount of genetic overlap between two people. This measure is useful for determining the risk of genetic disorders being passed down from one generation to the next.
In anthropology, consanguinity is often studied in the context of marriage and family relations. This is because it can help to explain why certain marriages are allowed, and others are not. It can also help to shed light on social dynamics within families.
Ancestor: A person from whom one is descended.
Kinship: The family ties between people who are related to one another.
Lineal: Describes a relationship that is based on descent from a common ancestor.
Collateral: Describes a relationship that is not based on descent from a common ancestor. This type of relationship is often based on marriage or adoption.
Degree of kinship: A measure of the relationship between two people, based on how many generations separate them from their common ancestor.
Coefficient of relationship: A measure of the relationship between two people, based on the amount of genetic overlap between them.
In-laws: The parents, brothers, sisters, or other relatives of one’s spouse.
Glossary Terms starting with C
- Capital – The Physical or Financial Resources required for Production
- Capitalism – An Economic System in which the Means of Production are Privately Owned
- Cargo Cult – Religious Movements claiming to obtain material goods (cargo) for indigenous people
- Cash Crops – Crops grown for Sale
- Caste – Social Groups Ranked Hierarchically by Birth, Marriage or Occupation
- Caudillismo – A Form of Dictatorship commonly associated with Latin America
- City, Anthropology of the – The Study of Urban Spaces and Culture
- Class Consciousness – When a Class recognises its Common Interests
- Cline – The Study of the Gradual Change in a Population over Time
- Cognatic Kinship – Tracing Descent through both the Maternal and Paternal line
- Cognitive Anthropology – The Study of How Culture impacts Human Cognition
- Colonialism – Acquiring and Maintaining Control over another Country or Territory
- Commensality – The Social Practice of Eating Together
- Concubinage – A Formalised Sexual Relationship between a Man and Women which is not equal to Marriage
- Consanguinity – The State of being related to someone by descent from a common ancestor
- Conscience Collective – The Shared Beliefs and Values of a Group or Society
- Conspicuous Consumption – Spending Money on Luxury Goods to Display Wealth and Status
- Contagious Magic – Items that have been in contact remain connected
- Creole Language – An Amalgam of the Colonial Language and Indigenous Language
- Cultural Baseline – The State of a Culture Before it Comes into Contact with Another Culture
Disclosure: Please note that some of the links in this post are affiliate links. When you use one of these affiliate links, the company compensates us. At no additional cost to you, we will earn a commission, which helps us run this blog and keep our in-depth content free of charge for all our readers.