Few people have had as much of an impact on the field of anthropology as Jane Goodall. A world-renowned primatologist, Goodall has dedicated her life to understanding the behaviour and social interactions of chimpanzees. Her work has broken new ground in the field of anthropology, and she has served as an inspiration to many aspiring anthropologists.
Jane Goodall was born in London, England in 1934. Her father, Mortimer, was a businessman, and her mother, Vanne, was a novelist. When she was a child, Jane’s father gave her a stuffed chimpanzee called Jubilee, which sparked her lifelong fascination of these primates. When she was ten years old, she read a book about Tarzan, which further fuelled her desire to one day live in Africa and work with animals.
Goodall would often go to London Zoo to watch the chimpanzees. When she was just eight years old, she wrote a letter to Dr. Louis Leakey, a well-known anthropologist, expressing her desire to work with animals.
Academic Career and Fieldwork
Goodall’s academic career began at the University of Cambridge, where she studied for a degree in ethology, the study of animal behaviour. After graduation, she returned to London Zoo to work as a secretary. It was there that she met Dr. Leakey again, who offered her a job as his assistant in Kenya. Goodall accepted, and in 1960, she began her famous study of chimpanzees in the Gombe Stream National Park.
Goodall’s work in Tanzania revolutionized the study of chimpanzees. She was the first to observe and document many of their behaviours, including tool use and aggression. Goodall’s work has helped to change the way that we think about chimpanzees, and she has shown that they are complex creatures much more similar to humans than previously thought.
Jane Goodall discovered that chimpanzees have unique personalities and also experience emotions such as grief, happiness, and anger. She debunked two long-held beliefs: that only humans create and employ tools, and that chimpanzees were vegetarians. In fact she witnessed chimpanzees using tools to fish for termites and also observed them eating meat. She also saw them hunting and using violence against one another.
Over the course of her five-decade career, Goodall authored several books on her work with chimps, including In the Shadow of Man and The Chimpanzees of Gombe. In the book “In the Shadow of Man” Goodall writes about her early years in Tanzania and her work with the chimpanzees. The book “The Chimpanzees of Gombe” is a more detailed account of Goodall’s research on chimpanzees.
Jane Goodall and her legacy
Goodall’s work has had a lasting impact on the field of anthropology. She is one of the most recognized and respected anthropologists in the world, and her work has inspired many other scientists to study primates. Thanks to Jane Goodall, we have a greater appreciation for our closest living relatives. In recognition of her achievements, Goodall has received many prestigious awards, including the National Geographic Society’s Centennial Award, the Japan Prize, and the Tyler Prize for Environmental Achievement.
Goodall is also well-known for her work as an environmental and animal rights activist. She is a strong advocate for conservation, and has worked to protect chimpanzees from becoming extinct. She founded several organizations, including the Jane Goodall Institute and Roots & Shoots. Through these organizations, she works to protect chimpanzees and their habitats, as well as to promote conservation and sustainable living.
Jane Goodall is one of the most influential anthropologists of our time. Her ground-breaking work has changed the way we think about chimps, and her tireless advocacy for their protection has helped raise awareness about the importance of conservation. Thanks to Jane Goodall, we have a greater understanding of the complex social interactions of chimpanzees, and we are better able to protect these amazing animals.
For Further Reading
- Jane Goodall – a pioneering primatologist
- Marshall Sahlins (1930 – 2021) – Race is a Social Construct
- Saba Mahmood – a strong voice in the anthropology of religion and post-colonialism
- Claude Lévi-Strauss’s Structuralism and its Influence on Anthropological Thought
- Clifford Geertz – the man who pioneered “thick description” in anthropology
- Ruth Benedict: The anthropologist who believed that cultures have personalities
- Michael Taussig – Doctor and Anthropologist
- Bronislaw Malinowski: The Father of Field Research
- Margaret Mead: A Pioneering Anthropologist
- Franz Boas: The Father of American Anthropology
- Émile Durkheim: The Father of Sociology and His Contributions to Anthropology
Disclosure: Please note that some of the links in this post are affiliate links. When you use one of these affiliate links, the company compensates us. At no additional cost to you, we will earn a commission, which helps us run this blog and keep our in-depth content free of charge for all our readers.