The Black Power movement was a political and social movement that emerged in the United States in the 1960s. It was aimed at empowering black Americans and improving their standing in society. The movement was born out of the civil rights movement, which sought to end segregation and discrimination against black people.
The Black Power movement was influenced by a number of factors, including the rise of black nationalism, the militancy of the civil rights movement, and the global struggle for human rights.
It was also fuelled by anger over the continued racism and inequality in America. The slogan “Black is Beautiful” became a rallying cry for the movement and helped to promote self-esteem and empowerment among black Americans.
Black Power – Goals and Achievements
The Black Power movement had a number of goals, including the promotion of black pride and unity, the attainment of civil rights and equality, and the establishment of black self-reliance. It also called for an end to white domination and racism. The movement achieved a number of successes, including the passage of anti-discrimination legislation.
The Black Power movement remains an important part of American history and has been cited as a major influence on subsequent social movements, including the gay liberation movement and the Black Lives Matter movement.
Anthropologists Gerlach and Hine (1973) studied the Black Power movement and concluded that it was “a significant turning point in the consciousness of black people in America.” They argued that the movement “brought about a new awareness of black identity and a new sense of pride and empowerment.”
Civil rights movement – a political and social movement that sought to end segregation and discrimination against black people in the United States.
Black nationalism – a political and social movement that seeks to promote the interests of black people.
Militancy – the use of force or the threat of force to achieve a goal.
Global struggle for human rights – a worldwide movement that seeks to protect and promote the rights of all people.
Racism – the belief that one race is superior to another.
Black pride – a feeling of pride and solidarity among black people.
Black self-reliance – the belief that black people should be self-sufficient and not reliant on others.
Anti-discrimination legislation – laws that forbid discrimination on the basis of race, color, religion, sex, or national origin.
Gay liberation movement – a political and social movement that sought to end discrimination against and empower gay, lesbian, bisexual, and transgender people.
Black Lives Matter movement – a political and social movement that seeks to end violence and discrimination against black people.
Apartheid – a system of racial segregation and discrimination that was enforced in South Africa from 1948 to 1994.
Glossary Terms starting with B
- Behaviourism – A Psychological Perspective of Learning through Conditioning
- Benedict, Ruth: The anthropologist who believed that cultures have personalities
- Big Man / Big Woman – A Person with Prestige and Influence in Melanesian Society
- Bilateral Kinship – Tracing Descent through both the Maternal and Paternal Line
- Biological Anthropology – The relationship between Biology and Sociocultural Systems
- Black Economy – Goods and Services Traded Outside the Formal Financial System
- Black Power – A Political Movement to empower black Americans in the US in the 1960s
- Blood Feud – A Prolonged Series of Retaliatory Attacks between Two Kinship Groups
- Boas, Franz: The Father of American Anthropology
- Body, Anthropology of the – The Study of how the Human Body is shaped by the Environment and Culture
- Bourgeoisie – The Capitalists Who Own the Means of Production
- Bride Capture – The Abduction of Women leading to Forced Marriage
- Brideprice, Bridewealth and Brideservice
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