Action theory is a branch of anthropology that looks at the ways in which humans interact with their environment. It examines the ways in which people act on the world around them, and how their actions are shaped by their culture and environment.
Action theory has been used to study a variety of different topics, including religion, political systems, and family structures. It can help to explain why different cultures behave in certain ways, and how these behaviours can change over time.
Theoretical Frameworks of Action Theory
Theoretical frameworks of action theory include ecological anthropology, economic anthropology, and political anthropology.
In ecological anthropology, action theory is used to study the ways in which human societies interact with their natural environment. This includes looking at how people use and manage resources, how they adapt to changes in the environment, and how their activities impact the ecosystem.
In economic anthropology, action theory assesses the ways in which people produce and exchange goods and services. This includes looking at how economic systems are organized, how people make decisions about what to buy and sell, and how they use money.
In political anthropology, action theory focuses on the ways in which people interact with their political environment. This includes looking at how political systems are organized, the creation and impact of factions, how people participate in politics, and how power is distributed in society.
Behavioural Ecology – the study of how animals adapt their behaviour to their environment. It looks at the ways in which animals respond to changes in their environment, and how they use behavioural strategies to survive and reproduce.
Ecology – the study of how organisms interact with their environment. It looks at the ways in which different species interact with each other, and how they use resources.
Environmental Anthropology – the study of human societies and their relationship with the natural environment. It looks at how people use and manage resources, how they adapt to changes in the environment.
Biological Anthropology – the study of human beings from a biological perspective. It looks at the ways in which our bodies and behaviour are shaped by our evolutionary history.
Glossary Terms starting with A
- Acculturation – a process of cultural change and adaptation
- Action Theory – How Humans Interact with their Environment
- Adaptive Strategy – How a Community Survives in its Environment
- Alliance Theory – Understanding the Formation and Maintenance of Social Ties between Groups
- Amoral Familism – Prioritising the Family’s Interest over that of the Community
- Animism – The Belief that all Things have a Spirit
- Anomie – A State of Social Chaos or Normlessness
- Anthropology of the Body – The Study of the Human Body
- Anthropology of the City – The Study of Urban Spaces and Culture
- Apartheid – Racial Segregation based on Institutionalised Racism
- Archaic – The Earliest Stages of Human Development
- Asiatic Mode of Production – How Marx described self-sufficient villages found in Asia
- Assimilation – How Minority Groups become part of the Dominant Culture
- Asymmetric / Symmetric Alliance – A Marriage Alliance Theory
- Auto-Ethnography – Using Personal Experience to Explore Cultural Phenomena
- Avunculate – Special Kinship Bond between a Maternal Uncle and his Nephews
- Avunculocal – system of residence where a married couple settle with or near the maternal uncle
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